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About Amritsar


Amritsar:
Amritsar is renowned for Sikh history and culture, trade center and is also the doorway for tourist's coming to India through Pakistan. In addition to this, the city is well likable for Golden Temple and the Jallianwala Massacre.

The tourists all over the world are very inquisitive to know about the Jallianwala Bagh story where numerous people were shot dead by General Dyer.

Amritsar is a city in the northwestern part of India and is the administrative headquarters of Amritsar district in the state of Punjab, India. The 2001 Indian census reported the population of the city to be over 1,500,000, with that of the entire district numbering just over 3,695,077. Amritsar is 32 kilometres (20 mi) east of Lahore, Pakistan and therefore, very close to India's western border with Pakistan. Another origin of Amritsar's name is from Amŗit-Sagar, "The Ocean of the Nectar of Immortality". This is a very important ocean to the Sikh religion, as the name implies.

Amritsar is home to Harmandir Sahib, also known as the Golden Temple, the spiritual and cultural center of the Sikh religion. This important Sikh shrine attracts more visitors than the Taj Mahal in Agra and is the number one destination for non-resident-Indians (NRI) in the whole of India.[1] There is Baba Jivan Singh temple dedicated to the brave Sikh. The 9th Sikh Guru Teg Bahadur was killed by the Mughals in Delhi where there is Guru Sish Ganj Gurudwara. Baba Jivan Singh ji walked from Anandpur to Delhi and managed to capture the head (sis) of Guru Teg Bahadur and presented that to Guru Gobind Singh.

One of Bhagvan Valmiki's or Nirankar Valmiki's ashram was considered to have been situated close to Amritsar. It is said that Goddess Sita, wife of Lord Rama gave birth to Lava and Kush. The forest around the ashram was considered Valmiki's "Tapo van" (forest of meditation). The Durgiana temple is also a very famous Hindu temple located on the city.

Amritsar is also known for the incidents of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre in 1919 under British Rule and Operation Bluestar in 1984 under the late Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi. The main commercial activities include tourism, carpets and fabrics, farm produce, handicrafts, service trades and light engineering. The city is popular and known for its food and culture. Amritsar is also home to Central Khalsa Orphanage, which was once a home for Shaheed Udham Singh, a prominent figure in the Indian independence movement.

Modern Amritsar

Amritsar is currently witnessing rapid urban growth. Government of India and Government of Punjab have unveiled a Rs. 3,150 Crore plan to modernize Amritsar.[citation needed]. Money from the plan would fund construction of roads, water and sewage management, and a mass Rapid transit system. Amritsar has witnessed a spurt in high-end residential property and multiplex development, courtesy the government's decision to set up a special economic zone there.

Leading property developers from north India have lined up a series of townships comprising of villas, luxury apartments, service apartments and penthouses. About a dozen malls are also in various phases of completion. A new city Convention Centre has been planned (as of October 2007), as are four 5-star hotels by the Radisson group (set to open by October 2008), the Taj group of hotels, the Holiday Inn Group and the Marriott group.

New localities like Sahej enclave are set up by Puda for the Elite in town. Amritsar lately has become hub for medicare for North India. To protect Amritsar's historical and religious heritage, part of the new budget is dedicated to the preservation of religious shrines in the city.

Transport

 Air

Amritsar's international airport, Raja Sansi International Airport, has more than 150 domestic and international flights during the week with daily connections to Delhi, Chandigarh and Jammu.

Rail
Amritsar Railway Station at night

Amritsar is well connected with daily trains from Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Hyderabad, Benguluru, Indore, Bhopal, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Ujjain, Ahmedbad, Pune and other major Indian cities. The main railway station in Amritsar is the Amritsar Railway Station. There is a special train that runs west to Wagah (Attari Border), which is the last station on the border in India before continuing on to Pakistan. Indian Railways has proposed a high speed rail line to serve Delhi-Amritsar via Chandigarh and Ambala. The train is to run at high speeds of 350 km/h, a first of its kind in India after the Bhopal Shatabdi. It will travel the distance of 445 km between the two cities in 2.5 hours (compared to nearly 8 hours right now). Companies from Japan, China, UK and Canada have expressed an interest in the project. The contract for building the line will be awarded at the end of May, 2008. Other lines of this kind have proposed in Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Pune, and Kolkata. [5][6][7]

 Road

Amritsar is located on the historic Grand Trunk Road(G.T Road) also known as National Highway 1 and therefore, very well connected to the road network. Daily bus services run to and from Ambala, Delhi, Chandigarh and Jammu. A sum of Rs 450 crores is being spent to expand the Amritsar-Jalandhar stretch of G.T. Road to four lanes. In 2006, the government of Punjab finalized plans for the construction of an elevated road with four lanes connected to the National highway for better access to the Golden Temple.[8]

For transportation within Amritsar city, rickshaws, autorickshaws, taxis and buses are easily available. Recently, the government of India and Punjab pledged Rs. 2,100 Crore for the development of a Mass Rapid Transport system for the city.[citation needed] It is hoped that this will help in relieving traffic congestion and improving air quality.




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